The South African
at the Yale Law School Lillian Goldman Library
|This video explores the gendered nature of violence in apartheid South
Africa’s, and the remedies that the TRC adopted to address violence
against women. Acknowledging that the standard TRC hearings offered women
an inadequate forum for testimony, the TRC established three separate
Special Hearings on Women. These hearings allowed women to testify on
their own behalf, and to tell their own stories. For students of reconciliation
commissions, it is useful to ask if the model employed by South Africa’s
TRC was the right one. According to its report, the TRC feared that this
structure would be seen as “sidelining” women’s trauma,
and marginalizing their stories. How do we tell the story of gendered
violence, especially in nations that are still operating under patriarchal
norms? Are special hearings a useful format, or should we attempt to incorporate
the stories of women into standard testimony?
The story of the women’s hearings is one of great accomplishment, mixed with failure. This video shows Shirley Gunn, an activist who testified about abuses against her and her son, and who hopes that her testimony will empower other women as well. But Gunn realizes that very few women were given the opportunity to testify at these three hearings. Zubeida Jaffer mentions that she was threatened with rape, a common occurrence during the detention of women. However, statistics suggest that women were hesitant to testify about their experiences of rape, and it is thought that this crime was grossly underreported at the TRC.
This video also explores the life of Phila Ndwandwe, a twenty-four year old MK commander who was detained and killed because she refused to become an informer. She is symbolic of the South African woman activist, and the image of her as a mother (with a baby in one hand and a weapon in the other) demonstrates the dual role of women in the nation during the resistance movement. Throughout the TRC hearings, women have commented on the effect of detention on their motherhood and their family life. Apartheid ripped families apart. This video ends with a segment that shows a family being brought together under the TRC’s influence. Phila’s parents were able to locate her remains, and they were reunited with their grandson, whom they had never met. However, for every instance of resolution and closure, there are many stories left untold. These stories belong disproportionately to women. Much work remains to be done.
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